of the CarboMedics bileaflet prosthetic heart valve.
N2 - Background and aims of the study: This study details the authors' experience with the CarboMedics bileaflet mechanical prosthesis, and assesses the valve's efficacy in terms of early mortality and long-term morbidity. Methods: Between July 1994 and December 2000, a total of 696 CarboMedics valves was implanted in 616 patients. Aortic valve replacement (AVR) was performed in 350 (57%) patients, mitral valve replacement (MVR) in 161 (26%), double (aortic + mitral) valve replacement (DVR) in 79 (13%), and other procedures in 26 (4%). Results: There were 32 operative deaths. Operative mortality was 4.3% for AVR, 6.8% for MVR, and 7.6% for DVR. Linearized rates for late death were 3.4%/patient-year (pt-yr), 5.5%/pt-yr and 7.7%/pt-yr for AVR, MVR and DVR, respectively. Survival at five years was 80.1% for AVR, 73.0% for MVR, and 64.6% for DVR (p = 0.004). Freedom from reoperation at five years was 97.6% for AVR, 98.1% for MVR, and 94.1% for DVR (p = 0.718); freedom from thromboembolism at five years was 96.3% for AVR, 98.6% for MVR, and 88.3% for DVR (p = 0.04). Linearized rates of late thromboembolism were 0.7%/pt-yr, 0.4%/pt-yr and 2.3%/pt-yr, respectively. Freedom from PVE at five years was 98.4% for AVR, 97.0% for MVR, and 89.7% for the DVR group (p = 0.172). Linearized rates of PVE were 0.5%/pt-yr, 0.9%/pt-yr and 1.8%/pt-yr, respectively. Freedom from anticoagulant-related bleeding at five years was 98.0% in the AVR group, 97.8% in the MVR group, and 88.3% in the DVR group (p
Patent US4276658 - Heart valve prosthesis - Google …
Heart valve prosthesis selection in patients with end ..
The results obtained from this study indicate that standard St. Jude Medical and CarboMedics aortic valve prostheses offer similar excellent clinical performance. Definitive judgment must await trials that are extensive, randomized, and prospective.
Patente US6206918 - Heart valve prosthesis having a …
We designed this study to compare long-term results of St. Jude Medical and CarboMedics mechanical heart valves in the aortic position. We retrospectively analyzed the results of 174 consecutive patients who received either a St. Jude (n=80) or a CarboMedics (n=94) mechanical aortic valve from March 1992 through October 2004.