Concepts of similarity and complementarity in …

A 3-dimensional scaling representation of perceived group structure in a Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit revealed that members were perceived to vary in status, subgroup affiliation, and interest in exercising authority. Within the unit, 45 members rated 19 other members of the unit (stimuli persons). The dimensions were used to predict a friendship choice measure via a linear model and 2 nonlinear, unfolding models suggested by similarity and complementarity-attraction hypotheses. On cross-validation, a nonlinear model, accounting for 50% of the variance, outpredicted the linear model. Choice models indicated that Ss preferred high-status friends but chose those like themselves in subgroup affiliation. Vietnam "hawks," those least influenced to join by the draft, and those most interested in exercising authority preferred friends interested in exercising authority. Results support the similarity-attraction hypothesis. (25 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Once upon a time, John met Jenny

Narrow personality traits and organizational attraction: Evidence for the complementary hypothesis
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Same-Sex Attractions in Youth and their Right to …

Mathes and Moore (1985) found that people were more attracted to peers approximating to their ideal self than to those who did not. Specifically, low self-esteem individuals appeared more likely to desire a complementary relationship than high self-esteem people. We are attracted to people who complement to us because this allows us to maintain our preferred style of behavior (Markey & Markey (2007), and through interaction with someone who complements our own behavior, we are likely to have a sense of self-validation and security (Carson, 1969).

Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits

Principles of similarity and complementarity seem to be contradictory on the surface (Posavac, 1971; Klohnen & Mendelsohn, 1998). In fact, they agree on the dimension of warmth. Both principles state that friendly people would prefer friendly partners. (Dryer & Horowitz, 1997)

Thus, the theoretical predictions of the principle of complementarity seem to have been disconfirmed.
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Interpersonal Communications: Attraction Theory

N2 - A 3-dimensional scaling representation of perceived group structure in a Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit revealed that members were perceived to vary in status, subgroup affiliation, and interest in exercising authority. Within the unit, 45 members rated 19 other members of the unit (stimuli persons). The dimensions were used to predict a friendship choice measure via a linear model and 2 nonlinear, unfolding models suggested by similarity and complementarity-attraction hypotheses. On cross-validation, a nonlinear model, accounting for 50% of the variance, outpredicted the linear model. Choice models indicated that Ss preferred high-status friends but chose those like themselves in subgroup affiliation. Vietnam "hawks," those least influenced to join by the draft, and those most interested in exercising authority preferred friends interested in exercising authority. Results support the similarity-attraction hypothesis. (25 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

The Heart Has Its Reasons That Reason Knows Not Of | …

The relationship of dependency and self-criticism to alliance, complementarity and outcome in short-term dynamic psychotherapy (Doctoral dissertation, Fordham University, 1993).

Need complementarity hypothesis - Oxford Reference

The determining effect of personality similarity upon interpersonal attraction was investigated. (1) As for extraversion, 60 Ss assigned as extraverts or introverts rated 2 standard strangers, one extraverted and the other introverted on interpersonal judgment scales. They all were attracted the extraverted stranger as a whole. (2) As for need, complementarity as well as similarity hypothesis was examined. Another 80 Ss rated 2, nurturant and succorant strangers. Similarity effect was evident on nurturance, but not explicit on succorance. And complementary effect was only slightly found. Thus, the mediating factors underlying between personality similarity and attraction are reasoned. The functioning of the affective value of infomation is such.

Chapter 11 Attraction and Intimacy Flashcards | Quizlet

The present meta-analysis is meant to determine the overall effect size of the principle of complementarity and to find those factors, if any, that mediate this effect size.