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Examples of leaflet floats One of the earliest recorded incidents involving the use of Propaganda floats comes from Vietnam. Generals Le Loi and Nguyen Trai while fighting the Chinese from 1417 to 1427, used grease or honey to write patriotic phrases on the large leaves of the forest trees. Ants ate the organic product absorbed in the leaf tissue and the words were exposed. Some of the leaves fell upon the waters of streams and were carried to adjoining areas. People noticed the perforated leaves and interpreted them as a divine message. They joined the Vietnamese forces and defeated the Chinese. The American waterborne dissemination technique in the Vietnam war was comparatively simple and inexpensive. Propaganda material is placed in buoyant, waterproof containers and dropped from low-flying aircraft, ships, or boats at predetermined locations. Prevailing winds, tides and currents carry the floating containers to the target area along ocean beaches or riverbanks. The containers can be wood, bamboo, plastic, glass or similar materials. According to The Propaganda Float in Leaflet Operations, printed by the 7th PSYOP Group on Okinawa There are four standard types of floats:

1. A relatively heavy, dense package riding low in the water. This package is influenced primarily by water currents. 2. A relatively lightweight package with about half of the volume exposed to surface winds. This package is influenced by both current and surface winds. 3. A lightweight package with most of the volume exposed to surface winds. This package is influenced primarily by surface winds. 4. An anchored float in which there is no movement. This float is positioned for discovery by members of the intended target group.
Gulf War Marine Wave Leaflet Waterborne dissemination of propaganda was discussed as early as the American Revolutionary War when Benjamin Franklin wrote to Colonel Thomas McKean and enclosed a number of Congressional resolutions translated into German. Franklin recommended that they be conveyed over the water to the Hessian encampment opposite the New Jersey shore. Since some of the literature was printed on tobacco paper, Franklin recommended that a little tobacco be added to the floats. He was far ahead of his time. In WWII the Allies airdropped cigarettes, matches, seeds, soap, coffee, and even tea bags to keep up the morale of the citizens of the occupied nations. A sampling of OSS metal floats .

14-7-2012 · The disposable rocket and the re-entry ..

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Updike, John, “The Disposable Rocket

Partly because of my work on the , the , and other controversies, I had some access to the 9/11 independent researcher community. In 2004, I made the suggestion that the 9/11 researchers should concentrate on the most provable findings and stay away from the more speculative theories, if they want to make a persuasive case to the public. My suggestion sparked a flame war amongst the researchers, which confirmed the observation I made about the . In late 2005, a physics professor from BYU, a conservative bastion if there ever was one, published an academic paper that supported the hypothesis that World Trade Center building number 7 was , which led to the hypothesis that the main World Trade Center ("WTC") towers were also collapsed in a controlled demolition. The faculties of two Utah universities unanimously accepted his findings. In the wake of publishing his study, he made the same suggestion that I did: researchers should focus their efforts on the most provable aspects of the 9/11 controversy and stop fighting with each other.

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Reagan was elected with the help of the Iranian hostage albatross that Carter wore around his neck, and a month later John Lennon was gunned down by another "lone nut." Then Reagan was inaugurated, and the Iranians released the hostages on the same day, followed a few weeks later by the fabricated white paper that helped set the stage for a ten-year reign of terror in Central America. John Lennon was eminently qualified to lead the American people in protesting the crucifixion of Central America. Just when Reagan was able to find the White House bathroom on his own, he was gunned down by another "lone nut." That man was "coincidentally" a friend of George Bush's family.

A soldier preparing to fire the FGR-17 Viper, an American one-man disposable antitank rocket
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Kennedy prepared himself for the same end Lincoln met during hisnight at the theater – he prepared for it. on the June 5, 1961, plane flight back to Washington from his Vienna meeting with Nikita Khrushchev, a very weary President Kennedy wrote down on a slip of paper, as he was about to fall asleep, a favorite saying of his from Abraham Lincoln – it was really a prayer. Presidential secretary Evelyn Lincoln discovered the slip of paper on the floor. On it she read the words: “I know there is a God and I see a storm coming. If he has a place for me, I believe that I am ready.”[]

Jul 14, 2012 · The disposable rocket and the re-entry ..

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CopterBox Kit The CopterBox does not require Parachute Riggers to prepare the loads for airdrop and is a disposable vehicle so the logistical costs involved in fielding this product are reduced. The CopterBox does not require specially outfitted aircraft for transportation to the release point. It does not require military static lines for deployment. These factors allow non-standard aircraft to be used, thus freeing military airlift assets for their heavy airdrop and transportation roles. Although the company’s literature does not mention the dissemination of leaflets, its founder, Chuck Warren, a retired Army colonel, says that Army Special Forces troops have been using CopterBoxes in to drop leaflets. He told me:

I must admit that I am not a "bomb" person. My specialty is paper. Having confessed, I will now try to bring the reader up-to-date on the history of leaflet bombs. If any specialist cares to write in and correct any errors in this chapter, I welcome your correspondence. M129 leaflet bombs
Captain James Monroe sets the fuse on a Leaflet Bomb
The Twelfth United States Army Group European Theater of Operations book Publicity and Psychological Warfare mentions the use of the Monroe leaflet bomb in WWII:
On the night of 19 April 1944 a lone B-17 Flying Fortress winged over the North Sea on its way to Normandy. In its belly is carried a new type of bomb, subsequently known as the T-1 or Monroe Bomb after its inventor, Major James Monroe of the Psychological Warfare Department, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) As the fortress neared Oslo, the bomb bay opened and ten cardboard containers, each packed with 80,000 leaflets dropped earthward. A barometric fuse exploded the containers at 2,500 feet. From that day, quantity distribution of leaflets to the enemy was insured. Each B-17 Flying Fortress of B-24 Liberator could carry ten of the T-1 bombs (800,000 leaflets per mission). The Special Leaflet Squadron set up by the Eighth Air Force, operating with a maximum of 12 planes, carried almost 1,000,000 leaflets each night that weather permitted.
Loading the Monroe leaflet bombs This bomb is made from the lightweight case containers for the M17Amiable Cluster Chemical Bomb. The container is a laminated paper cylinder of great strength 47 inches in length and 16 1/2 inches in diameter. It is capped on each end with a cardboard cap, which encases the tube for a vertical distance of seven inches, and is fastened in place by masking tape. When I started this article I said that I was not an expert on bombs, and I am not. Still, as I was doing research I was amazed to find that I wrote an article entitled "The Monroe Bomb - World War Two Workhorse," forty years ago in the September 1965 issue of The Falling Leaf. Some of my comments:
The Monroe bombs were first made at the Sharnbrook Ordnance Depot, a small unit consisting of about 43 men. At the same time, a packing unit was formed near the Globe printing plant at Watford. The mission was soon given to the 500-man 8th Air Force Ordnance Depot at Melchborne Park, Bedfordshire. This unit produced 75,277 Monroe bombs by the end of the war. About 50,000 were actually used on leaflet missions at a rate of about 4,000 per month.
T3 Leaflet Bomb The T3 (M26) Leaflet bomb was converted from the American M-26 Hooded Flare for use by both British and American fighter and fighter/bomber aircraft. The first large-scale use of it was made in 1944 in connection with D-day in southern France. Its first operational use was in July 1944. The bomb was of light metal construction. The cylinder was 50-inches long, 8-inches in diameter, weighed 64 pounds and could hold between 14,000 and 15,000 standard sized leaflets (8.5" x 5.25"). Bundles of leaflets were secured inside a wooden frame, which was inserted into the bomb. The British called the T3 the Mark I and Mark II. The bomb was an American weapon so the British used a special brass adapter that was threaded into the nose fuse packet. The adapter is internally threaded to receive the 860 Mark II fuse. In the base of the adapter is a charge of G.12 gunpowder. The bomb had American lugs so British aircraft had to be modified to carry the bombs. On all-leaflet missions 17 can be carried in the bomb racks of a B-25 or B-26. The device can be used either in the racks of bombers or under the wings of fighters or fighter-bombers. A U. S. document mentions the testing of the M26 propaganda leaflet bomb. The report states that the M26 flare bomb works best as a leaflet bomb at altitudes over 2000 feet. The report recommends that one aircraft in the formation carry all the leaflet bombs. Because the trajectory is different from high explosive bombs, only one crew would need to be briefed on the special circumstances of the drop. Loading Leaflets Stephen Pease mentions the leaflet bomb used by the United States during the Korean War in his book Psywar - Psychological Warfare in Korea 1950-1953:
Pease apparently used a declassified 3 January 1951 working paper entitled "Leaflet Dropping in Korea by the Far Eastern Air Force" as his source. In that paper William Daugherty interviews flight crews and reviews the dissemination of leaflets up to that date. Up until 10 December 1950 the Far Eastern Air Force (FEAF) had assigned just two B-29 bombers for two sorties a week for leaflet operations. As of 12 December 1950 the Special Projects Branch had printed and disseminated over 147,000,000 leaflets. 88% of those leaflets were dropped by B-29s of the 98th Bomb Group stationed in Yokota, Japan. The B-29 carried a maximum of 32 of the cluster bombs, each carrying 22,500 leaflets measuring 5 x 8 inches, or 45,000 leaflets measuring 4 x 5 inches. On 19 December 1950 FEAF agreed to assign one B-29 that could fly a sortie a day. The medium of distribution by the B-29s was the WWII-era M-16 500-pound bomb (cluster adapter) fitted with the M-111-A2 fuse. There were a number of problems with the leaflet bomb. It tended to tumble when released, often losing its tail and thus its accuracy, the casing frequently came apart in the bomb bay, and faulty fuses caused the bombs to split open early, or remain closed all the way to the ground. Because of these faults that became apparent at Aberdeen Proving Grounds and Elgin Air Force Base, two improved bombs were in development. They are the M-105 and the M16A-1. Daugherty concludes that the M16 bomb is ineffective and inefficient and that if there is a better leaflet bomb in the inventory, then someone needs to motivate the logistics people to get those bombs forward to where they are needed. He also states that the B-29 bomber is a poor medium of dissemination. He recommends other aircraft, artillery dissemination, or troops on the ground be used to distribute propaganda leaflets. As long as we are on the subject of the Korean War we should mention that at least one B-26 Medium bomber was fitted with a canister that could pump out over a ton of leaflets in just a few seconds. It could also be set to dribble out leaflets at a much slower rate.

“The Disposable Rocket

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One of the U.S. government's more reliable studios in the war effort was Disney Studios. During World War II, Disney received up to 90% of its money from federal contracts and produced many military training and propaganda films. Donald Duck went to war. Walt Disney was a social Darwinist and anti-communist crusader, heartily approved of the McCarthy witch-hunts, appeared as a friendly witness during the Un-American hearings, and fervently supported Hollywood's blacklist. Years before the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, von Braun worked closely with Disney Studios and even directed the animators and designed Disneyland’s Tomorrowland ride called Rocket to the Moon. Also, von Braun hosted the Disney show . His co-host was Heinz Haber, another NASA Nazi. Haber worked for Strughold and co-authored papers that were based on human experiments performed at Dachau and other concentration camps in which hundreds of prisoners were subjected to experiments that simulated the conditions of high speed, high altitude flight. Prisoners that survived the experiments were generally killed, then dissected. When the Eisenhower administration asked Disney to produce a propaganda film regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Haber was picked to host the Disney show, “Our Friend the Atom.” Haber then wrote a popular children’s book of the same title. I knew about the CIA and NASA Nazis, but I never thought I would read about the Nazis.