Ernst Mayr and evolutionary biology: Polemics and synthesis

Mayr argued brilliantly for a new synthesis, to wed species concepts more firmly to genetics and to the updated Darwinian theory being produced by population geneticists and evolutionary theorists in many subdisciplines.

413-423 in The Evolutionary Synthesis (E Mayr and W Provine, ..

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Ernst Mayr - Modern Evolutionary Synthesis Archives - …

apostle of Darwinian evolution, Ernst Mayr, turned 100 recently. His mind still sharp, he recounted in the July 2 issue of 1 the battles that led to “Neo-Darwinism” in the 1940s. Surprising though it may be to some, there was no consensus on speciation, natural selection and other key evolutionary concepts for eighty years since Darwin published his book. Only in the 1940s did a compromise called the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis satisfy the majority of Darwinians. Neo-Darwinism still reigns today, despite strong minority positions such as punctuated equilibria and Gaia, along with a number of sects that deny certain aspects of the Synthesis.
Mayr lays the background of his youthful acceptance of evolution:

Ernst Mayr – Modern Evolutionary Synthesis ..

Stephen Jay Gould wrote that Mayr "sharpened his notion of species as fundamental units in nature and deepened his understanding of evolution." Also, he had worked with Rothschild's curators Ernst Hartert and Karl Jordan, pioneers of both a biological species concept and the use of subspecific names reflecting geography.During the 1930's and 1940's biologists accepted the broad premise of Darwin's theory about evolution--that species change and evolve through a process called natural selection.

Polemics and synthesis: Ernst Mayr and evolutionary …

Introduction to evolution - Wikipedia

The successful reconciliation of the two concepts led to what iscommonly called the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, a fruitfulperiod of research and theory unification extending from theearly 1930s through the 1950s. Some of the principal scientistswho contributed significantly to the Modern EvolutionarySynthesis were Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, GeorgeGaylord Simpson, and Julian Huxley.

Neo-Darwinism - New World Encyclopedia

Among his many books are The Growth of Biological Thought; One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought ; Population, Species, and Evolution; Systematics and the Origin of the Species from the Viewpoint of a Zoologist; This Is Biology; Toward a New Philosophy of Biology; Evolution and the Diversity of Life: Selected Essays, The Evolutionary Synthesis, and What Evolution Is (ScienceMasters Series). Also see On the Origin of Species a Facsimile of the First Edition By Charles Darwin, Ernst Mayr, Designer.

renowned evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr celebrated his ..

Mayr claims that the taxonomists and the population geneticists had solved parts of the problem; all that remained was to get the parties together. That compromise was achieved by Theodosius Dobzhansky with Mayr’s assistance. He claims the neo-Darwinian synthesis that resulted has been remarkably stable, even through the discovery of DNA and the revolution in molecular genetics, but part of that stability has been due to enforcement: “At a meeting in Princeton in 1947, the new paradigm was fully acknowledged and it was confirmed again and again in the next 60 years. Whenever an author claimed to have found an error in the Synthesis, his claim was rapidly refuted.
In his conclusion, Mayr notes that new battles have arisen over allopatric vs. sympatric speciation, the enormous amount of biodiversity, and non-allopatric genetic mechanisms such as “speciation by hybridization, by polyploidy and other chromosome rearrangements, by lateral gene transfer, and by symbiogenesis.” He regrets he will not be able to continue exploring the new frontiers of evolutionary biology.

Polemics and synthesis: Ernst Mayr and evolutionary biology

was a German taxonomist, ornithologist, and evolutionary biologist. His role in the modern evolutionary synthesis is based upon his refining the definition of "species" from a member of a structurally or morphologically similar group to a population that can breed only among itself. This new definition solved the species problem that had defied naturalists and biologists since before the time of Darwin and into the mid-twentieth century. Mayr believed that geographical isolation was the most important factor for the formation of new and individual species.

Ernst Mayr and the Evolutionary Synthesis;

Mayr was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. His work has contributed to the conceptual revolution that led to the synthesis of Mendelian genetics and Darwinian evolution, and to the development of the biological species concept. His theory of peripatric speciation has become widely accepted as one of the standard modes of speciation, and is the basis of the theory of punctuated equilibrium. Furthermore, his writings reflect, not only a technical expertise in biological subjects, but also a broad and penetrating understanding of the deeper philosophical issues involved.