413-423 in The Evolutionary Synthesis (E Mayr and W Provine, ..
Ernst Mayr - Modern Evolutionary Synthesis Archives - …
apostle of Darwinian evolution, Ernst Mayr, turned 100 recently. His mind still sharp, he recounted in the July 2 issue of 1 the battles that led to “Neo-Darwinism” in the 1940s. Surprising though it may be to some, there was no consensus on speciation, natural selection and other key evolutionary concepts for eighty years since Darwin published his book. Only in the 1940s did a compromise called the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis satisfy the majority of Darwinians. Neo-Darwinism still reigns today, despite strong minority positions such as punctuated equilibria and Gaia, along with a number of sects that deny certain aspects of the Synthesis.
Mayr lays the background of his youthful acceptance of evolution:
Ernst Mayr – Modern Evolutionary Synthesis ..
Stephen Jay Gould wrote that Mayr "sharpened his notion of species as fundamental units in nature and deepened his understanding of evolution." Also, he had worked with Rothschild's curators Ernst Hartert and Karl Jordan, pioneers of both a biological species concept and the use of subspecific names reflecting geography.During the 1930's and 1940's biologists accepted the broad premise of Darwin's theory about evolution--that species change and evolve through a process called natural selection.
Introduction to evolution - Wikipedia
The successful reconciliation of the two concepts led to what iscommonly called the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, a fruitfulperiod of research and theory unification extending from theearly 1930s through the 1950s. Some of the principal scientistswho contributed significantly to the Modern EvolutionarySynthesis were Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, GeorgeGaylord Simpson, and Julian Huxley.
Neo-Darwinism - New World Encyclopedia
Among his many books are The Growth of Biological Thought; One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought ; Population, Species, and Evolution; Systematics and the Origin of the Species from the Viewpoint of a Zoologist; This Is Biology; Toward a New Philosophy of Biology; Evolution and the Diversity of Life: Selected Essays, The Evolutionary Synthesis, and What Evolution Is (ScienceMasters Series). Also see On the Origin of Species a Facsimile of the First Edition By Charles Darwin, Ernst Mayr, Designer.