He proposed that the cellmembranes were made of lipids.

described a type of membrane lipoproteins, proteolipids, whichare soluble in a mixture of chloroform and methanol ().

First description of the countercurrent separation of "the higher normalfatty acids" (C5-C18) ().

Galactosamine was identified in brain gangliosides ().

First description of the cholesterol lowering effect of a plant sterol (beta-sitosterol)in cholesterol-fed chickens(

Introduction to Lipids | Cell Membrane | Lipid

component into the lipid bilayer of the cell ..

Controlling lipid synthesis to control cell growth?

Proteins that require special conditions or are destined to become part of the cell membrane are processed in the ER and then handed off to another organelle called the Golgi apparatus.

Lipid Synthesis Inhibitors - Herbicide Symptoms

Ensure to leave spaces for mitochondria, and do not overcrowd the cell.

Chloroplasts are the food-making organelles of the plant cell since they are the site for photosynthesis.

11/10/2015 · Movie 14 Lipid Synthesis in the ER - Duration: ..

Lysophosphatidylcholine Regulates Sexual Stage ..

first demonstrates the reliability of a new stratigraphictechnique for climatic assessment utilizing the relative abundance of two C37alkenones in marine sediments ().

First demonstration of a specific receptor-mediated release of 20:4n-6 and22:6n-3 from plasmalogen phospholipids ().

Evidence is given that phosphatidic acid is a lipid second messenger with growthfactor-like properties, stimulating the breakdown of phosphoinositides andcalcium release ().

Demonstration of an inhibition of protein kinase C by sphingosine whichsuggested an important role for that lipid in the regulation of the signaltransduction pathways (, ).

First clear demonstration of a formation of diacylglycerol as second messengerfrom phosphatidylcholine in hormone-stimulated cells ().

Abscisic acid, one of the most important phytohormones, has been shown to bepresent in the central nervous system of pigs and rats ().

After the discovery of 20:5n-3 in a marine bacterium (Johns RB et al., 1977), a study on 11 piezophilic bacteria (from 1200 to 10 476 m of sea depth) revealed they produced EPA (20:5n-3) and DHA (22:6n-3) in increasing proportion oftotal fatty acids when pressure increased ().

Lipid Peroxidation: Production, Metabolism, and …

These particular glycolipids were later shown to have antibiotic and insecticide properties.

The composition and the structure of a novel phosphatidylinositol-containing glycolipid, now known as membrane anchor, were reported in a protozoan ().

Experiments on Torpedo electric organ led to the suggestion that acetylcholinesterase is anchored to the plasma membrane by one or more phosphatidylinositol molecules linked to a short amino acid sequence at one end of the catalytic subunit of the enzyme (.

First report that fish oils reduced thickening of vein intimal in graft experiments in dogs ().

First published paper in which mutants of were used to elucidate the role of a plant lipid, tr-3-hexadecenoic acid ().

Results from metabolic experiments suggest that 24,25-epoxycholesterol may participate in the regulation of hepatic cholesterol metabolism in vivo (.

C hemical surveys of Ophrys bee pollinated species have identified floral volatile lipid constituents including various terpenes, alcohols, ketones and carboxylic acids (Borg-Karlson AK et al., Chem Script 1985, 25, 283).

The MurG transferase is responsible for the synthesis of lipid II by catalyzing the transfer ..

islet lipid synthesis and accumulation and β cell ..

This function may be relevant tothe autoimmune syndrome ().

The phytohormone abscissic acid was reported to be involved as alipid mediator in connection with cyclic ADP-ribose during hydroid (Cnidaria)regeneration ().

The oxylipin signal jasmonic acid is reported to be activated in plants by anenzyme that conjugates it to isoleucine leading to a conjugate form which islikely the true active jasmonate compound ().

11-Methyl-2-dodecenoic acid was determined to be a bacterial cell-cellcommunication signal ().

Group 6: Cell structure and function (Lipid Synthesis)

, J Biol Chem 2002, 277, 38503).

Lysophospholipase D, which is involved in the production of lysophosphatidicacid, was identified as autotaxin, an enzyme originally found as a tumor cellmotility-stimulating factor ().

Glossary | Linus Pauling Institute | Oregon State University

Among activators, a variety of endogenously present lipids were described ().

An antiphosphatidylcholine antibody was described in the serum of a patient diagnosed with hemolytic anemia ().

Phosphatidylserine was shown to be recognized by specific antibodies in patients with lupus anticoagulant ().

The "Nod factors" produced in legumes by as a class of signalling molecules was identified as lipo-chitooligosaccharides ().

First demonstration of phosphatidylinositol anchor on the lipopolysaccharides of a prokaryotic species, ( ).

Demonstration of the induction of the synthesis of proteinase inhibitors by methyl jasmonate in a wounded plant but also in nearby plants through the atmosphere ().

First clear demonstration that fatty acids are as unfavorable as saturated fatty acids in raising LDL cholesterol and lowering HDL cholesterol levels ().