Synthesis of Protein by Green Plants
The plants make protein from these elements
After translation, the protein passes into the channels of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for transportation. The protein is then passed from the rough ER to the Golgi apparatus inside tiny fluid-filled sacs, called vesicles. The Golgi apparatus is a system of , which are responsible for the modification, processing, and packaging of the proteins. The protein may have a carbohydrate added, to form a glycoprotein. The Golgi apparatus packages the protein in a secretory vesicle, which fuses with the cell membrane and releases the protein from the cell.
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Plant cells and plants of this type synthesise a modified starch, which is characterized in that it has an increased phosphate content and/or a modified phoshorylation pattern and/or an increased final viscosity in an RVA profile and/or a reduced peak temperature in DSC analysis and/or an increased gel strength in the texture analysis compared with starch from corresponding non-genetically modified monocotyledon plants.