In prokaryotes, DNA are shown in plasmids and nucleoid.
Prokaryote cell replicates by binary fission.
It deals with the immune system, a complex organ that produces both cells and proteins involved in detecting and destroying foreign molecules and microorganisms (the 'non-self').
Eukaryotes: The Wonders of Each
This turnover processes can be characterized by specific half-life values that for most proteins, membranes, and RNA (but not DNA structures) are measured in hours.
Eukaryotic cells have often several to several dozen chromosomes.
Protein expression is induced by the addition of the proper inducer or by changing the growth conditions. From this point on the cells will use most of their resources for the production of the target protein and will not grow much further.
Eukaryotes differ from prokaryotes.
Loreni F , Mancino M and Biffo S (2014) Translation factors and ribosomal proteins control tumor onset and progression: how? Oncogene 33: 2145–2156.
Introns interrupt exons, the protein coding parts of genes.
60S comprises 5S subunit of RNA (almost 120 nucleotides) along with units of 28S RNA (almost 4700 nucleotides), subunit of 5.8S (close to 160 nucleotides) and ~49 units of protein.