The Synthesis of Cholesterol. - Cholesterol-And …

Nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a regulator of lipid metabolism as well as various cytoprotective enzymes and may be involved in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Although, bile acids affect lipid metabolism, the role of Nrf2 in bile acid metabolism remains unclear. In this study, it was tested how Nrf2 modulates lipid and bile acid homeostasis in liver in response to changes of cholesterol absorption under high-fat diet using Nrf2-null mice. Eight-week-old male wild-type and Nrf2-null mice ( = 6/group) were divided into three groups fed the following diets: 1) control diet containing 4% soybean oil and 16% lard, 2) control diet plus ezetimibe, 3) control diet plus cholesterol. Blood and livers were removed after 4 weeks feeding. High cholesterol diet increased hepatic expression of liver X receptor α target genes related to fatty acid metabolism (FAS, ACC1, SREBP-1c, SCD-1c and CD36), cholesterol transport (Abcg5/abcg8) and bile acid synthesis (Cyp7a1) in wild type mice. However, these genes were not induced in Nrf2-null mice. These findings suggest that Nrf2 has a relation to liver X receptor α and controls the regulation of gene expressions related to lipid and bile acid metabolism.

Regulate cholesterol synthesis in the tissue cells.

and HDL they play an important role in cholesterol metabolism.

with increased synthesis of cholesterol and higher expression ..

The escort protein SCAP transports SREBPs from ER to Golgi where the active domains are released to activate genes for fatty acid (FA) and cholesterol synthesis. Mice with conditional SCAP deficiency in liver (L-Scap-) manifest marked reductions in hepatic lipid synthesis. Here, we show that the decreased FA synthesis in liver is balanced by an equal increase in nonhepatic tissues, primarily adipose tissue. Extrahepatic synthesis of FAs preserves adipose mass, even when L-Scap- mice consume a fat-free diet. This compensatory response disappears upon fasting, implicating a role for insulin, the major hormonal activator of FA synthesis. This response is mediated by an insulin-dependent increase in adipocyte SREBP-1c and its target mRNAs. In epididymal fat of L-Scap- mice, phosphorylated Akt, Glut-4 mRNA, and glucose uptake are also increased, indicating insulin hypersensitivity. Plasma VLDL triglycerides are dramatically reduced in L-Scap- mice, underscoring the benefits of synthesizing FAs in fat rather than liver.

involved in cholesterol synthesis and metabolism were ..

N2 - The escort protein SCAP transports SREBPs from ER to Golgi where the active domains are released to activate genes for fatty acid (FA) and cholesterol synthesis. Mice with conditional SCAP deficiency in liver (L-Scap-) manifest marked reductions in hepatic lipid synthesis. Here, we show that the decreased FA synthesis in liver is balanced by an equal increase in nonhepatic tissues, primarily adipose tissue. Extrahepatic synthesis of FAs preserves adipose mass, even when L-Scap- mice consume a fat-free diet. This compensatory response disappears upon fasting, implicating a role for insulin, the major hormonal activator of FA synthesis. This response is mediated by an insulin-dependent increase in adipocyte SREBP-1c and its target mRNAs. In epididymal fat of L-Scap- mice, phosphorylated Akt, Glut-4 mRNA, and glucose uptake are also increased, indicating insulin hypersensitivity. Plasma VLDL triglycerides are dramatically reduced in L-Scap- mice, underscoring the benefits of synthesizing FAs in fat rather than liver.

T1 - Compensatory increase in fatty acid synthesis in adipose tissue of mice with conditional deficiency of SCAP in liver

Fat saturation and cholesterol synthesis

inhibition of cholesterol synthesis by ..

Bile Acid Synthesis and Utilization