bEarth’s size is definitely expanding
cthe magnetic minerals in rocks disruptEarth’s magnetic field
The recognition of such a connection helpedconfirm the seafloor-spreading hypothesis by pin-pointing the zones whereHess had predicted oceanic crust is being generated (along the ridges) andthe zones where oceanic lithosphere sinks back into the mantle (beneaththe trenches).
34The model ofEarth’s interior is inferred from
Furthermore, optical SETI may soon allow us to map an expanding area of the galactic habitable zone we may call the galactic transcension zone, an inner ring that contains older transcended civilizations, and a missing planets problem as we discover that planets with life signatures occur at a much lower frequencies in this inner ring than in the remainder of the habitable zone.
Alfred Wegener and the hypothesis of continental drift
David Brin, a careful thinker on the Fermi paradox and author of the first broad review the topic (1983) notes that Biker Gangs and other groups on Earth are cheerfully happy to contravene any social standard, and they are a good analogy for why the transcension hypothesis could never hold in every case.
Developing the theory [This Dynamic Earth, USGS]
Yet if morality and immunity are developmental processes, if they arise inevitably in all intelligent collectives as a type of positive sum game (Ridley 1998, Wright 1997, 2000), they must also grow in force and extent as each civilizations computational capacity grows.