What is the role of hypothesis in research methodology
Example, sample sentence, & pronunciation of role (social role)
When Europeans invaded Australia in the late 1700s, the aborigines they encountered were in a state of almost constant warfare. What seems to be the case is that the founder group of Australia lived in the easy meat days and they grew and spread across the continent in a few thousand years. Once the golden age based on easy meat ended, they reverted back to their territorial natures and formed 600 separate societies, with between 500 and 1,000 people in each one. They all had unremitting hatred for their neighbors, with whom they were in constant warfare. The aboriginal genetic diversity supports the idea that those societies did not interbreed with each other, but stayed insular. They were all patrilocal and violent.
HYPOTHESIS AND HYPOTHESIS TESTING (Social Science)
Except for New Guinean highlanders, initial European contact with all of those relict populations was universally disastrous, just as and elsewhere for centuries. Those initial contacts happened in anthropology’s early days, and studied the Andamans in the early 20th century, when they were tattered remnants of the people of a century earlier. The people were also devastated by European invasion. When the Dutch invaded what became South Africa, the Southern San were driven to extinction while the !Kung survived in the . Andamans, !Kung, and Aboriginal Australians all had/have strikingly similar religious ceremonies, which were marathon singing and dancing sessions that could last all night. Some rituals lasted for months. Their rituals are very likely what the first religions looked like, which were strenuous ordeals in which people reached frenzied states that left them exhausted. Today’s leading hypothesis is that those rituals created group cohesion that held their society together. The social glue of monkey and ape societies is grooming, but humans seem to have , and those early rituals further cemented the bonds.