Synthesis of 14% magnesium substituted brushite

Brushite (CaHPO4·2H2O), one of the precursors of hydroxyapatite mineralization , has been used for fabrication of biomaterials for hard tissue repair. In order to explore its potential application in biomimetic material synthesis, we studied the influence of the enamel protein amelogenin on brushite morphology and phase transformation to monetite. Our results show that amelogenin can adsorb onto the surface of brushite, leading to the formation of layered morphology on the (010) face.

Synthesis of chitosan/brushite powders for bone …

Mass percentages of brushite, calcium carbonate and Ca-HA during the synthesis.

Synthesis of Brushite Particles in Reverse ..

Amelogenin protein is involved in organized apatite crystallization during enamel formation. Brushite (CaHPO4·2H2O), one of the precursors of hydroxyapatite mineralization , has been used for fabrication of biomaterials for hard tissue repair. In order to explore its potential application in biomimetic material synthesis, we studied the influence of the enamel protein amelogenin on brushite morphology and phase transformation to monetite. Our results show that amelogenin can adsorb onto the surface of brushite, leading to the formation of layered morphology on the (010) face. Amelogenin promoted the phase transformation of brushite into monetite (CaHPO4) in the dry state, presumably by interacting with crystalline water layers in brushite unit cells. Changes to the crystal morphology mediated by amelogenin continued even after the phase transformation from brushite to monetite, leading to the formation of organized platelets with an interlocked structure. This effect of amelogenin on brushite morphology and the phase transformation to monetite could provide a new approach to developing biomimetic materials.

Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured …

Various morphologies of brushite crystals were successfully synthesized using oil-in-water high internal phase emulsion stabilized by surfactants with various polyoxyethylene chain lengths for the first time. Rheological measurements had proven that such emulsion was a highly stable reaction media for the synthesis of particulate and porous brushite crystals. Rheological properties of the emulsion with and without the presence of crystal growth were compared and discussed. Morphologies of brushite crystals comprised of leafletlike particles to continuous dendritic network structure which gave rise to porosity in submicron size with increasing polyoxyethylene chain length. The mechanism leading to the various types of morphologies produced is discussed schematically based on small angle X-ray scattering results.

Synthesis of brushite in spherical form was difficult prior to this study.

on studying the injectability of brushite-forming Mg ..

AB - Various morphologies of brushite crystals were successfully synthesized using oil-in-water high internal phase emulsion stabilized by surfactants with various polyoxyethylene chain lengths for the first time. Rheological measurements had proven that such emulsion was a highly stable reaction media for the synthesis of particulate and porous brushite crystals. Rheological properties of the emulsion with and without the presence of crystal growth were compared and discussed. Morphologies of brushite crystals comprised of leafletlike particles to continuous dendritic network structure which gave rise to porosity in submicron size with increasing polyoxyethylene chain length. The mechanism leading to the various types of morphologies produced is discussed schematically based on small angle X-ray scattering results.

20/12/2004 · Abstract

Recently, calcium phosphate cements have been considered in medicine and dentistry because of their excellent biocompatibility and advantages in situ handling and shaping abilities. Nevertheless, low mechanical strength of these cements limits wider the clinical applications. The aim of this work was the synthesis of chitosan/brushite powders for preparing the calcium phosphate cements. The synthesis of brushite was carried out in the chitosan matrix from calcium chloride and sodium phosphate at moderate pH of 4 and then dried from 60 to 100°C. The obtained powders were characterized by XRD and FT-IR technique. With increasing the drying temperature, phase of dicalcium phosphate anhydrous increased. Moreover, FTIR indicate the bands attributable to chitosan and brushite. The brushite synthesized using this route was used to be a starting powder for calcium phosphate cement (CPC). To prepare CPC, the mixture of chitisan/brushite and α-tricalcium phosphate powders was mixed with various liquid phases and then cured at 100% humidity for 7 d The compressive strength of the cements was determined to evaluate the potential use for the bone cement. Cements formed with chitosan/brushite dried at 100°C had the greatest compressive strength of all cement tests. The improvement of compressive strength seemed to depend on the affinity of chitosan incorporated in the cements.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (ACS …

AB - Mengovirus labeled with H3-uridine and C14-threonine was purified by adsorption onto and elution from a calcium phosphate (brushite) column. Purification studies are reported and a comparison is made between purification on a calcium phosphate column and by CsCl density gradient centrifugation. The synthesis of viral RNA and protein was determined from the virus specific activity (radioactivity per virus infective unit) as a function of time of addition of precursors to RNA and protein. Both viral RNA and protein are synthesized no later than 1 hour and at least 30 minutes before appearance of completed virions.