Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern …

An empirical hypothesis, or working hypothesis, comes to life when a theory is being put to the test, using observation and experiment. It's no longer just an idea or notion. It's actually going through some trial and error, and perhaps changing around those independent variables.

Deduction & Induction - Social Research Methods

modifying or rejecting the hypothesis 7 - theory formation or confirmation ..

Evidence | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Theories are both explanatory and predicting; they explain what is alreadyknown and they predict (and explain) what has not yet been discovered orobserved. Their predicting nature is what makes them testable. And it isalso what makes them particularly useful, for they are most useful whenthey predict particularly useful consequences which, though they are (inprinciple) observable, are not necessarily ones likely to be discoveredon their own, or by accident. If, for example, some theory of learningimplied that learning would occur ten times faster and be of twenty timeslonger duration under a relaxed hypnotic state, that would not only betestable, but if confirmed, might greatly influence practical educationalpractice.

Confirmation Bias – Communication Studies

The application of the scientific method is limited to independently observable, measurable events that can be reproduced. The scientific method is also applicable to random events that have statistical distributions. In atomic chemistry, for example, it is impossible to predict when one specific atom will decay and emit radiation, but it is possible to devise theories and formulas to predict when half of the atoms of a large sample will decay. Irreproducible results cannot be studied by the scientific method. There was one day when many car owners reported that the alarm systems of their cars were set off at about the same time without any apparent cause. Automotive engineers were not able to discover the reason because the problem could not be reproduced. They hypothesized that it could have been radio interference from a passing airplane, but they could not prove it one way or another. Mental conceptual experiences cannot be studied by the scientific method either. At this time there is no instrumentation that enables someone to monitor what anybody else conceives in their mind, although it is possible to determine which part of the brain is active during any given task. It is not possible to define experiments to determine objectively which works of art are "great", or whether Picasso was better than Matisse. So-called miracles are also beyond the scientific method. A person has tumors and faces certain death, and then, the tumors start shrinking and the person becomes healthy. What brought about the remission? A change in diet? A change in mental attitude? It is impossible to go back in time to monitor all variables that could have caused the cure, and it would be unethical to plant new tumors into the person to try to reproduce the results for a more careful study.

a hypothesis can be supported or refuted through experimentation or more observation
It is a type of cognitive bias and a form of selection bias toward confirmation of the hypothesis under study.

Big Bang Theory: Evolution of Our Universe - Universe Today

Modern bible is the smallest ever as far as content,the more back you go the more content there is. This is especially true to old testament. In Summerian texts there is a mirror reflection of old testament but there it is in original form which is about 80-90 percent more content than what we have now. Enoch himself had 360 books given to his son from those books humanity was supposed to be taught. there was all there is needed for people to know. Info was dictated by Anunaki/Jehova God but actually his archangel to Enoch personally and Enoch wrote down those books himself. Nobady desputing Enoch existence or his sons. From the beginning of times humans were exploited..Read summerian texts,Egiptian,Maya,Hindu,Greek,Roman times all slavery… Dark ages middle ages feudalism, all bad times for the regular people. Now we have best so far but still we are in modern time slavery to financial institutions and governments. Everybody in debt to their ears-must work to pay for it. Taxes are huge, I’m asking from years pay what is total tax and what is in your pocket? We work for ourselves approximately only half year the other is slery. This is reason for the secrecy-if truth comes out they fear they couldn’t milk the people.

04/01/2018 · Confirmation and Induction. The term "confirmation" is used in epistemology and the philosophy of science whenever observational data …

Evolutionary theories of aging and longevity

One of the most useful properties of scientific theories is that they can be used to make predictions about natural events or phenomena that have not yet been observed. For example, the theory of gravitation predicted the behavior of objects on the moon and other planets long before the activities of spacecraft and astronauts confirmed them. The evolutionary biologists who discovered Tiktaalik predicted that they would find fossils intermediate between fish and limbed terrestrial animals in sediments that were about 375 million years old. Their discovery confirmed the prediction made on the basis of evolutionary theory. In turn, confirmation of a prediction increases confidence in that theory.

So if theory T predicts some phenomena will be observed, that observation of the phenomena's actually occurring is ..

The Black Knight Satellite Mystery | Astronotes

An is a procedure carried out under controlled conditions to gain new information or better understanding. Not all science involves experimentation; for example the human genome project largely involves (highly technical) interpretation of gene sequences, but the data were obtained by experimental investigation. Equally, not all experiments are designed to test hypotheses; some extend our knowledge by making more detailed observations of known phenomena, or by exploring new or unexplained phenomena more fully.